Biodegradable polymer nanoparticles are an important class of materials used in several applications for their unique characteristics. In particular, the ones stabilized by zwitterionic materials are gaining increased interest in medicine as alternative to the more common ones based on poly(ethylene glycol) thanks to their superior stability and ability to avoid both the accelerated blood clearance and allergic reactions. In this work, a novel class of zwitterionic based NPs has been produced, and a method to independently control the nanoparticle size, degradation time, and polymer molecular weight has been developed and demonstrated. This has been possible by the synthesis and the fine-tuning of zwitterionic amphiphilic block copolymers obtained via the combination of ring-opening polymerization and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The final results showed that when two block copolymers contain the same number of caprolactone units, the one with longer oligoester lateral chains degrades faster. This phenomenon is in sharp contrast with the one seen so far for the common linear polyester systems where longer chains result in longer degradation times, and it can be used to better tailor the degradation behavior of the nanoparticles.

Zwitterionic Polyester-Based Nanoparticles with Tunable Size, Polymer Molecular Weight, and Degradation Time

Moscatelli, Davide
2018

Abstract

Biodegradable polymer nanoparticles are an important class of materials used in several applications for their unique characteristics. In particular, the ones stabilized by zwitterionic materials are gaining increased interest in medicine as alternative to the more common ones based on poly(ethylene glycol) thanks to their superior stability and ability to avoid both the accelerated blood clearance and allergic reactions. In this work, a novel class of zwitterionic based NPs has been produced, and a method to independently control the nanoparticle size, degradation time, and polymer molecular weight has been developed and demonstrated. This has been possible by the synthesis and the fine-tuning of zwitterionic amphiphilic block copolymers obtained via the combination of ring-opening polymerization and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The final results showed that when two block copolymers contain the same number of caprolactone units, the one with longer oligoester lateral chains degrades faster. This phenomenon is in sharp contrast with the one seen so far for the common linear polyester systems where longer chains result in longer degradation times, and it can be used to better tailor the degradation behavior of the nanoparticles.
BIOMACROMOLECULES
Bioengineering; Biomaterials; Polymers and Plastics; Materials Chemistry2506 Metals and Alloys
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1076588
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