The physical integrity and photocatalytic performance of titanium dioxide (TiO2) deteriorate with aging. Here we propose a pre-treatment with nitric or sulfuric acid of commercial TiO2 nanopowders used in coating, mortars, or paints. The diffuse reflectance is increased between 1500 and 2500 nm by 0.04 and 0.06, respectively, with nitric and sulfuric acid (unaffected by neutralization). Nitric acid causes a decrease in crystallinity and photocatalytic activity, which drops by almost 20%; this drawback is prevented by post-treatment neutralization, which allows to recover initial photocatalytic efficiency and even increase it. Treatment with sulfuric acid shows no significant effect on photoactivity, instead.

Self-cleaning building materials: The multifaceted effects of titanium dioxide

Paolini, Riccardo;Borroni, Dario;Pedeferri, MariaPia;Diamanti, Maria Vittoria
2018-01-01

Abstract

The physical integrity and photocatalytic performance of titanium dioxide (TiO2) deteriorate with aging. Here we propose a pre-treatment with nitric or sulfuric acid of commercial TiO2 nanopowders used in coating, mortars, or paints. The diffuse reflectance is increased between 1500 and 2500 nm by 0.04 and 0.06, respectively, with nitric and sulfuric acid (unaffected by neutralization). Nitric acid causes a decrease in crystallinity and photocatalytic activity, which drops by almost 20%; this drawback is prevented by post-treatment neutralization, which allows to recover initial photocatalytic efficiency and even increase it. Treatment with sulfuric acid shows no significant effect on photoactivity, instead.
Acid treatment; P25; Photocatalysis; Self-cleaning; Solar reflectance; TiO2; Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction; Materials Science (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1071750
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