Battery energy storage systems are fundamental components in microgrids operations, therefore it is important to adopt models suitable to properly evaluate the performance of these electrical systems. Different methodologies for battery modeling have been developed and tested in this work: (i) Empirical model, in which batteries are described by analytic expressions not based on electrochemical processes; (ii) Equivalent electrical circuit model, in which batteries are described in terms of electrical quantities. These approaches allow to adapt the model to different battery technologies: both the emerging Li-ion and the consolidated lead acid are considered in this paper. The proposed models are implemented in the software Poli. NRG, a Matlab based procedure for microgrid sizing developed by Energy Department of Politecnico di Milano. Simulations are based on a real case study relevant to a microgrid in a rural area: Ngarenanyuki Secondary School in Tanzania. The proposed methodology is used to design a new microgrid based on photovoltaic and energy storage system, comparing the results obtained adopting different modeling approaches and different technologies. Eventually, results are critically analyzed and discussed in order to compare accuracy, computational effort, costs and opportunities.

Battery modeling for microgrid design: A comparison between lithium-ion and lead acid technologies

Moncecchi, Matteo;Brivio, Claudio;CORIGLIANO, SILVIA;CORTAZZI, ALESSIA;Merlo, Marco
2018-01-01

Abstract

Battery energy storage systems are fundamental components in microgrids operations, therefore it is important to adopt models suitable to properly evaluate the performance of these electrical systems. Different methodologies for battery modeling have been developed and tested in this work: (i) Empirical model, in which batteries are described by analytic expressions not based on electrochemical processes; (ii) Equivalent electrical circuit model, in which batteries are described in terms of electrical quantities. These approaches allow to adapt the model to different battery technologies: both the emerging Li-ion and the consolidated lead acid are considered in this paper. The proposed models are implemented in the software Poli. NRG, a Matlab based procedure for microgrid sizing developed by Energy Department of Politecnico di Milano. Simulations are based on a real case study relevant to a microgrid in a rural area: Ngarenanyuki Secondary School in Tanzania. The proposed methodology is used to design a new microgrid based on photovoltaic and energy storage system, comparing the results obtained adopting different modeling approaches and different technologies. Eventually, results are critically analyzed and discussed in order to compare accuracy, computational effort, costs and opportunities.
2018
SPEEDAM 2018 - Proceedings: International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion
9781538649411
Battery models; Index lerms-Energy storage; Microgrids; Rural electrification; Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Control and Optimization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1071526
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