A new general approach for the limit analysis of out-of-plane loaded masonry walls based on an upper bound formulation is presented. A given masonry wall of generic form presenting openings of arbitrary shape is described through its Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) representation in the three-dimensional Euclidean space. A lattice of nodes is defined in the parameters space together with possible fracture lines. An initial set of rigid elements initially subdividing the original wall geometry is identified accordingly. A homogenized upper bound limit analysis formulation, which takes into account the main characteristics of masonry material such as very low resistance in traction and anisotropic behavior is deduced. Moreover the effect of vertical loads and membrane stresses is considered, assuming internal dissipation allowed exclusively along element edges. A number of technically meaningful examples prove that a good estimate of the collapse load multiplier is obtained, provided that the initial net of yield lines is suitably adjusted by means of a meta-heuristic approach (i.e. a Genetic Algorithm, GA) in order to enforce that element edges accurately represent the actual failure mechanism.

A fast and general upper-bound limit analysis approach for out-of-plane loaded masonry walls

Milani, Gabriele;Grillanda, Nicola;Tralli, Antonio
2018

Abstract

A new general approach for the limit analysis of out-of-plane loaded masonry walls based on an upper bound formulation is presented. A given masonry wall of generic form presenting openings of arbitrary shape is described through its Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) representation in the three-dimensional Euclidean space. A lattice of nodes is defined in the parameters space together with possible fracture lines. An initial set of rigid elements initially subdividing the original wall geometry is identified accordingly. A homogenized upper bound limit analysis formulation, which takes into account the main characteristics of masonry material such as very low resistance in traction and anisotropic behavior is deduced. Moreover the effect of vertical loads and membrane stresses is considered, assuming internal dissipation allowed exclusively along element edges. A number of technically meaningful examples prove that a good estimate of the collapse load multiplier is obtained, provided that the initial net of yield lines is suitably adjusted by means of a meta-heuristic approach (i.e. a Genetic Algorithm, GA) in order to enforce that element edges accurately represent the actual failure mechanism.
Limit analysis; Masonry; Masonry walls; NURBS; Condensed Matter Physics; Mechanics of Materials; Mechanical Engineering
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2018_MECC_2.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: 2018_Meccanica_limit_analysis_NURBS
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 5.16 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.16 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1071394
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 54
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact