Complex geometries and fine critical features enabled by the powder bed fusion technologies are highly appealing for heat exchanger manufacturing. Copper is the main metal of choice for such applications. However, its processability using Selective Laser Melting (SLM) systems is limited by its high reflectivity at 1 µm, the emission wavelength of the laser sources commonly employed. Furthermore, the high conductivity of the pure copper, desirable for the final use of the products, causes instability and difficulties in the powder bed solidification. Resultantly, high density components are difficult to obtain. In this work, a 1 kW single mode fiber laser is used to process pure Cu powder with 99.9% purity. The high power is required to overcome the low efficiency of the process due to the high reflectivity. A prototype SLM machine is employed allowing for a flexible manipulation of the process parameters. The densification phenomenon is discussed as well as the causes that lead to porosity.

Selective laser melting of pure Cu with a 1 kW single mode fiber laser

COLOPI, MATTEO;CAPRIO, LEONARDO;Demir, A. G.;Previtali, B.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Complex geometries and fine critical features enabled by the powder bed fusion technologies are highly appealing for heat exchanger manufacturing. Copper is the main metal of choice for such applications. However, its processability using Selective Laser Melting (SLM) systems is limited by its high reflectivity at 1 µm, the emission wavelength of the laser sources commonly employed. Furthermore, the high conductivity of the pure copper, desirable for the final use of the products, causes instability and difficulties in the powder bed solidification. Resultantly, high density components are difficult to obtain. In this work, a 1 kW single mode fiber laser is used to process pure Cu powder with 99.9% purity. The high power is required to overcome the low efficiency of the process due to the high reflectivity. A prototype SLM machine is employed allowing for a flexible manipulation of the process parameters. The densification phenomenon is discussed as well as the causes that lead to porosity.
2018
Proceedings of the 10th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies
Additive manufacturing; Heat exchangers; Porosity; Selective laser melting; Control and Systems Engineering; Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1070959
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