Nano-sized Al (nAl) is an attractive candidate for the performance enhancement of current solid propellant formulations, and its characteristics are relevant for the development of innovative solid fuels for hybrid rocket propulsion. Nano-sized Al powders feature a higher reactivity than their micron-sized counterpart. While desirable for effective energy conversion during the combustion, this characteristic yields possible powder storage issues. This paper investigates the ageing behavior of air-passivated nAl powders under two different relative humidity conditions (RH) of 80% and 10%. Fresh and aged powders are characterized by active metal content determination (CAl), electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermal analysis. The marked sensitivity of nAl (40 nm) to ageing is testified by a nearly full CAlloss in just 24 h (with RH = 80%). Under the same condition, the conventional 30 μm-counterpart loses only 13% of the original active metal content in a time of 336 h.

Accelerated ageing of micron- and nano-sized aluminum powders: Metal content, composition and non-isothermal oxidation reactivity

Paravan, Christian;VERGA, ALBERTO;Maggi, Filippo;Galfetti, Luciano
2019-01-01

Abstract

Nano-sized Al (nAl) is an attractive candidate for the performance enhancement of current solid propellant formulations, and its characteristics are relevant for the development of innovative solid fuels for hybrid rocket propulsion. Nano-sized Al powders feature a higher reactivity than their micron-sized counterpart. While desirable for effective energy conversion during the combustion, this characteristic yields possible powder storage issues. This paper investigates the ageing behavior of air-passivated nAl powders under two different relative humidity conditions (RH) of 80% and 10%. Fresh and aged powders are characterized by active metal content determination (CAl), electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermal analysis. The marked sensitivity of nAl (40 nm) to ageing is testified by a nearly full CAlloss in just 24 h (with RH = 80%). Under the same condition, the conventional 30 μm-counterpart loses only 13% of the original active metal content in a time of 336 h.
2019
Ageing; Metal content; Micron-sized aluminum; Nano-sized aluminum; Reactivity; Aerospace Engineering
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PARAC01-19.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: Paper
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 7.9 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.9 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
PARAC_OA_01-19.pdf

Open Access dal 04/08/2020

Descrizione: Paper open access
: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 1.5 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.5 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1069390
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 28
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact