Many intracellular reactions are dependent on the dielectric ("Polarity") and viscosity properties of their milieu. Fluorescence imaging offers a convenient strategy to report on such environmental properties. Yet, concomitant and independent monitoring of polarity and viscosity in cells at submicron scale is currently hampered by the lack of fluorescence probes characterized by unmixed responses to both parameters. Here, the peculiar photophysics of a green fluorescent protein chromophore analog is exploited for quantifying and imaging polarity and viscosity independently in living cells. We show that the polarity and viscosity profile around a novel hybrid drug-delivery peptide changes dramatically upon cell internalization via endosomes, shedding light on the spatiotemporal features of the release mechanism. Accordingly, our fluorescent probe opens the way to monitor the environmental effects on several processes relevant to cell biochemistry and nanomedicine.

Simultaneous Detection of Local Polarizability and Viscosity by a Single Fluorescent Probe in Cells

Polli, Dario;Viola, Daniele;Cerullo, Giulio;
2018

Abstract

Many intracellular reactions are dependent on the dielectric ("Polarity") and viscosity properties of their milieu. Fluorescence imaging offers a convenient strategy to report on such environmental properties. Yet, concomitant and independent monitoring of polarity and viscosity in cells at submicron scale is currently hampered by the lack of fluorescence probes characterized by unmixed responses to both parameters. Here, the peculiar photophysics of a green fluorescent protein chromophore analog is exploited for quantifying and imaging polarity and viscosity independently in living cells. We show that the polarity and viscosity profile around a novel hybrid drug-delivery peptide changes dramatically upon cell internalization via endosomes, shedding light on the spatiotemporal features of the release mechanism. Accordingly, our fluorescent probe opens the way to monitor the environmental effects on several processes relevant to cell biochemistry and nanomedicine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1063454
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