Halogen bonding is an increasingly important tool in crystal engineering, and measuring its influence on the local chemical and electronic environment is necessary to fully understand this interaction. Here, we present a systematic crystallographic and solid-state NMR study of self-complementary halogen-bonded frameworks built from the halide salts (HCl, HBr, HI, HI3) of 2-iodoethynylpyridine and 3-iodoethynylpyridine. A series of single crystal X-ray structures reveals the formation of discrete charged dimers in the solid state, directed by simultaneous X-H-N+hydrogen bonds and C-IX-halogen bonds (X=Cl, Br, I). Each compound was studied using multinuclear solid-state magnetic resonance spectroscopy, observing1H to investigate the hydrogen bonds and13C,35Cl, and79/81Br to investigate the halogen bonds. A natural localized molecular orbital analysis was employed to help interpret the experimental results.1HSSNMR spectroscopy reveals a decrease in the chemical shift of the proton participating in the hydrogen bond as the halogen increases in size, whereas the13CSSNMR reveals an increased13C chemical shift of the C-I carbon for C-IX-relative to C-IN halogen bonds. Additionally,35Cl and79/81Br SSNMR, along with computational results, have allowed us to compare the C-IX-halogen bond involving each halide in terms of NMR observables. Due to the isostructural nature of these compounds, they are ideal cases for experimentally assessing the impact of different halogen bond acceptors on the solid-state NMR response.

Comparing the Halogen Bond to the Hydrogen Bond by Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: Anion Coordinated Dimers from 2- and 3-Iodoethynylpyridine Salts

Cavallo, Gabriella;Terraneo, Giancarlo;Metrangolo, Pierangelo;
2018

Abstract

Halogen bonding is an increasingly important tool in crystal engineering, and measuring its influence on the local chemical and electronic environment is necessary to fully understand this interaction. Here, we present a systematic crystallographic and solid-state NMR study of self-complementary halogen-bonded frameworks built from the halide salts (HCl, HBr, HI, HI3) of 2-iodoethynylpyridine and 3-iodoethynylpyridine. A series of single crystal X-ray structures reveals the formation of discrete charged dimers in the solid state, directed by simultaneous X-H-N+hydrogen bonds and C-IX-halogen bonds (X=Cl, Br, I). Each compound was studied using multinuclear solid-state magnetic resonance spectroscopy, observing1H to investigate the hydrogen bonds and13C,35Cl, and79/81Br to investigate the halogen bonds. A natural localized molecular orbital analysis was employed to help interpret the experimental results.1HSSNMR spectroscopy reveals a decrease in the chemical shift of the proton participating in the hydrogen bond as the halogen increases in size, whereas the13CSSNMR reveals an increased13C chemical shift of the C-I carbon for C-IX-relative to C-IN halogen bonds. Additionally,35Cl and79/81Br SSNMR, along with computational results, have allowed us to compare the C-IX-halogen bond involving each halide in terms of NMR observables. Due to the isostructural nature of these compounds, they are ideal cases for experimentally assessing the impact of different halogen bond acceptors on the solid-state NMR response.
Crystal engineering; Crystallography; Halogen bonding; Hydrogen bonding; Solid-state NMR; Chemistry (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1062939
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