One of the tightest bottlenecks in vascular tissue engineering (vTE) is the lack of strength and elasticity of engineered vascular wall models caused by limited elastic fiber deposition. In this study, flat and tubular collagen gel-based scaffolds were cellularised with vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and supplemented with human plasma fibronectin (FN), a known master organizer of several extracellular matrix (ECM) fiber systems. The consequences of FN on construct maturation was investigated in terms of geometrical contraction, viscoelastic mechanical properties and deposition of core elastic fiber proteins. FN was retained in the constructs and promoted deposition of elastin by SMCs as well as of several proteins required for elastogenesis such as fibrillin-1, lysyl oxidase, fibulin-4 and latent TGF-beta binding protein-4. Notably, gel contraction, tensile equilibrium elastic modulus and elasticity were strongly improved in tubular engineered tissues, approaching the behaviour of native arteries. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that FN exerts pivotal roles in directing SMC-mediated remodeling of scaffolds toward the production of a physiological-like, elastin-containing ECM with excellent mechanical properties. The developed FN-supplemented systems are promising for tissue engineering applications where the generation of mature elastic tissue is desired and represent valuable advanced in vitro models to investigate elastogenesis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Fibronectin promotes elastin deposition, elasticity and mechanical strength in cellularised collagen-based scaffolds

Candiani, Gabriele;
2018

Abstract

One of the tightest bottlenecks in vascular tissue engineering (vTE) is the lack of strength and elasticity of engineered vascular wall models caused by limited elastic fiber deposition. In this study, flat and tubular collagen gel-based scaffolds were cellularised with vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and supplemented with human plasma fibronectin (FN), a known master organizer of several extracellular matrix (ECM) fiber systems. The consequences of FN on construct maturation was investigated in terms of geometrical contraction, viscoelastic mechanical properties and deposition of core elastic fiber proteins. FN was retained in the constructs and promoted deposition of elastin by SMCs as well as of several proteins required for elastogenesis such as fibrillin-1, lysyl oxidase, fibulin-4 and latent TGF-beta binding protein-4. Notably, gel contraction, tensile equilibrium elastic modulus and elasticity were strongly improved in tubular engineered tissues, approaching the behaviour of native arteries. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that FN exerts pivotal roles in directing SMC-mediated remodeling of scaffolds toward the production of a physiological-like, elastin-containing ECM with excellent mechanical properties. The developed FN-supplemented systems are promising for tissue engineering applications where the generation of mature elastic tissue is desired and represent valuable advanced in vitro models to investigate elastogenesis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
BIOMATERIALS
Collagen gel; Elastic fibers; Fibronectin; Mechanical properties; Smooth muscle cells; Vascular tissue engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1061042
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