Many conditions can compromise facial symmetry, resulting in an impairment of the affected person from both esthetic and functional points of view. For these reasons, a detailed, focused, and objective evaluation of facial asymmetry is needed, both for surgical planning and for treatment evaluation. In this study, we present a new quantitative method to assess symmetry in different facial thirds, objectively defined on the territories of distribution of trigeminal branches. A total of 70 subjects (40 healthy controls and 30 patients with unilateral facial palsy) participated. A stereophotogrammetric system and the level of asymmetry of the subjects’ hemi-facial thirds was evaluated, comparing the root mean square of the distances (RMSD) between their original and mirrored facial surfaces. Results show a high average reproducibility of area selection (98.8%) and significant differences in RMSD values between controls and patients (p = 0.000) for all of the facial thirds. No significant differences were found on different thirds among controls (p > 0.05), whereas significant differences were found for the upper, middle, and lower thirds of patients (p = 0.000). The presented method provides an accurate, reproducible, and local facial symmetry analysis that can be used for different conditions, especially when only part of the face is asymmetric.

Facial thirds-based evaluation of facial asymmetry using stereophotogrammetric devices: Application to facial palsy subjects

Codari, Marina;Zago, Matteo;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Many conditions can compromise facial symmetry, resulting in an impairment of the affected person from both esthetic and functional points of view. For these reasons, a detailed, focused, and objective evaluation of facial asymmetry is needed, both for surgical planning and for treatment evaluation. In this study, we present a new quantitative method to assess symmetry in different facial thirds, objectively defined on the territories of distribution of trigeminal branches. A total of 70 subjects (40 healthy controls and 30 patients with unilateral facial palsy) participated. A stereophotogrammetric system and the level of asymmetry of the subjects’ hemi-facial thirds was evaluated, comparing the root mean square of the distances (RMSD) between their original and mirrored facial surfaces. Results show a high average reproducibility of area selection (98.8%) and significant differences in RMSD values between controls and patients (p = 0.000) for all of the facial thirds. No significant differences were found on different thirds among controls (p > 0.05), whereas significant differences were found for the upper, middle, and lower thirds of patients (p = 0.000). The presented method provides an accurate, reproducible, and local facial symmetry analysis that can be used for different conditions, especially when only part of the face is asymmetric.
2017
Facial asymmetry; Facial paralysis; Photogrammetry; Adult; Case-Control Studies; Face; Facial Asymmetry; Facial Paralysis; Female; Humans; Male; Photogrammetry; Surgery; Oral Surgery; Otorhinolaryngology2734 Pathology and Forensic Medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1058634
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