Distributed Generation has become a consolidated phenomenon in distribution grids in the last few years. Even though the matter is very articulated and complex, islanding operation of distribution grid is being considered as a possible measure to improve service continuity. In this paper a novel static converter control strategy to obtain frequency and voltage regulation in islanded distribution grid is proposed. Two situations are investigated: in the former one electronic converter and one synchronous generator are present, while in the latter only static generation is available. In both cases, converters are supposed to be powered by DC micro-grids comprising of generation and storage devices. In the first case converter control will realize virtual inertia and efficient frequency regulation by mean of PID regulator; this approach allows to emulate a very high equivalent inertia and to obtain fast frequency regulation, which could not be possible with traditional regulators. In the second situation a Master-Slave approach will be adopted to maximize frequency and voltage stability. Simulation results confirm that the proposed control allows islanded operation with high frequency and voltage stability under heavy load variations.

Integrated control strategy for islanded operation in smart grids: virtual inertia and ancillary services

NEGRI, SIMONE;Tironi, Enrico;Danna, Davide Sala
2017-01-01

Abstract

Distributed Generation has become a consolidated phenomenon in distribution grids in the last few years. Even though the matter is very articulated and complex, islanding operation of distribution grid is being considered as a possible measure to improve service continuity. In this paper a novel static converter control strategy to obtain frequency and voltage regulation in islanded distribution grid is proposed. Two situations are investigated: in the former one electronic converter and one synchronous generator are present, while in the latter only static generation is available. In both cases, converters are supposed to be powered by DC micro-grids comprising of generation and storage devices. In the first case converter control will realize virtual inertia and efficient frequency regulation by mean of PID regulator; this approach allows to emulate a very high equivalent inertia and to obtain fast frequency regulation, which could not be possible with traditional regulators. In the second situation a Master-Slave approach will be adopted to maximize frequency and voltage stability. Simulation results confirm that the proposed control allows islanded operation with high frequency and voltage stability under heavy load variations.
Conference Proceedings - 2017 17th IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2017 1st IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 2017
9781538639160
Ancillary services; Islanded grid operation; Smart grid; Virtual inertia; Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering; Environmental Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1053247
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