Polyplexes (PX) are soft materials, obtained by blending polycations and nucleic acids, designed for gene delivery applications. While much is known about the transfection properties of PX, their protein corona, the biomolecules interacting with colloids once in a biological environment, represents an underlooked parameter in gene transfection. In this study, linear and branched polyethylenimines (lPEI and bPEI), the golden standard among non-viral vectors, were selected and used throughout the work: their physicochemical properties and protein corona when complexed to DNA were studied and linked to the toxicity and transfection efficiency arisen upon their delivery to cells. Interestingly, lPEIDNA and bPEIDNA complexes were characterized by similar physicochemical features, but different biological behavior. In fact, the biological milieu where cells and PX interact greatly influences their size, stability and transfection abilities. Using PX as a soft material model system, we spotlighted structure-activity relationships and methodologies that can help interpret their biological behavior and guide future studies in the field.

The polyplex, protein corona, cell interplay: Tips and drawbacks

Maiolo, Daniele;Candiani, Gabriele;Baldelli Bombelli, Francesca
2018

Abstract

Polyplexes (PX) are soft materials, obtained by blending polycations and nucleic acids, designed for gene delivery applications. While much is known about the transfection properties of PX, their protein corona, the biomolecules interacting with colloids once in a biological environment, represents an underlooked parameter in gene transfection. In this study, linear and branched polyethylenimines (lPEI and bPEI), the golden standard among non-viral vectors, were selected and used throughout the work: their physicochemical properties and protein corona when complexed to DNA were studied and linked to the toxicity and transfection efficiency arisen upon their delivery to cells. Interestingly, lPEIDNA and bPEIDNA complexes were characterized by similar physicochemical features, but different biological behavior. In fact, the biological milieu where cells and PX interact greatly influences their size, stability and transfection abilities. Using PX as a soft material model system, we spotlighted structure-activity relationships and methodologies that can help interpret their biological behavior and guide future studies in the field.
COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES
Bio-nano interaction; Cell transfection; Polyplex; Protein corona; Self-assembly; Biotechnology; Surfaces and Interfaces; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Colloid and Surface Chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1049606
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