Rollover of high-sided vehicles represents a serious concern for running safety, especially when they run on exposed sites such as viaducts and bridges. In particular, the present paper investigates the interaction between a tractor semitrailer combination and the wake of a tower bridge in cross wind conditions. The proposed methodology is based on a multi-body ve-hicle model coupled with a force distribution approach to calculate the aerodynamic forces acting on the vehicle during the tower wake crossing, which relies on static vehicle CFD simula-tions/wind tunnel tests. To asses reliability of the developed methodology, obtained results are compared with moving vehicle CFD simulations (based on a moving mesh approach). Numerical results state that the developed model may represent a valuable tool for investigating wind-shield-ing solutions at the design stage of bridges. The developed model in fact provides results in good agreement with moving vehicle CFD data, but allows to significantly reduce computation effort and the coupling with a driver model.

A force-distribution approach to simulate the aerodynamic loads acting on a vehicle passing by a bridge tower: comparison with CFD simulations

QUATTROMANI, GIANLUCA;ROCCHI, DANIELE;SABBIONI, EDOARDO;SALATI, LUIGI;SCHITO, PAOLO
2017-01-01

Abstract

Rollover of high-sided vehicles represents a serious concern for running safety, especially when they run on exposed sites such as viaducts and bridges. In particular, the present paper investigates the interaction between a tractor semitrailer combination and the wake of a tower bridge in cross wind conditions. The proposed methodology is based on a multi-body ve-hicle model coupled with a force distribution approach to calculate the aerodynamic forces acting on the vehicle during the tower wake crossing, which relies on static vehicle CFD simula-tions/wind tunnel tests. To asses reliability of the developed methodology, obtained results are compared with moving vehicle CFD simulations (based on a moving mesh approach). Numerical results state that the developed model may represent a valuable tool for investigating wind-shield-ing solutions at the design stage of bridges. The developed model in fact provides results in good agreement with moving vehicle CFD data, but allows to significantly reduce computation effort and the coupling with a driver model.
Proc of the 25th International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks (IAVSD)
978-1-138-03571-3
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1046676
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