Transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN) has been proposed as a non-invasive alternative to vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). However, its cardiovagal effects are inconsistent across studies, likely due to inhomogeneity in the stimulation parameters. Here, we evaluate respiratory-gated ABVN stimulation (Respiratory-gated Auricular Vagal Afferent Nerve Stimulation, RAVANS), where the stimuli are delivered in 1 s bursts during the exhalation phase of respiration, thus mimicking the breathing-induced modulation of cardiac vagal activity. In this study, we present preliminary results from an ongoing single-arm, open label trial investigating the effects of different intensities of RAVANS in hypertensive subjects. We found that a mid-intensity RAVANS stimulation (rated as a 5 on a 0-10 scale) increases the cardiovagal tone and reduces the sympathetic tone during a paced breathing task. The present results could contribute to optimize RAVANS as a non-invasive, low-cost therapeutic intervention for hypertension.

Respiratory-gated Auricular Vagal Afferent Nerve Stimulation (RAVANS) effects on autonomic outflow in hypertension

Sclocco, Roberta;Barbieri, Riccardo
2017-01-01

Abstract

Transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN) has been proposed as a non-invasive alternative to vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). However, its cardiovagal effects are inconsistent across studies, likely due to inhomogeneity in the stimulation parameters. Here, we evaluate respiratory-gated ABVN stimulation (Respiratory-gated Auricular Vagal Afferent Nerve Stimulation, RAVANS), where the stimuli are delivered in 1 s bursts during the exhalation phase of respiration, thus mimicking the breathing-induced modulation of cardiac vagal activity. In this study, we present preliminary results from an ongoing single-arm, open label trial investigating the effects of different intensities of RAVANS in hypertensive subjects. We found that a mid-intensity RAVANS stimulation (rated as a 5 on a 0-10 scale) increases the cardiovagal tone and reduces the sympathetic tone during a paced breathing task. The present results could contribute to optimize RAVANS as a non-invasive, low-cost therapeutic intervention for hypertension.
2017
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
9781509028092
Signal Processing; Biomedical Engineering; 1707; Health Informatics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1045361
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