The problem of performing functional linear regression when the response variable is represented as a probability density function (PDF) is addressed. PDFs are interpreted as functional compositions, which are objects carrying primarily relative information. In this context, the unit integral constraint allows to single out one of the possible representations of a class of equivalent measures. On these bases, a function-on-scalar regression model with distributional response is proposed, by relying on the theory of Bayes Hilbert spaces. The geometry of Bayes spaces allows capturing all the key inherent features of distributional data (e.g., scale invariance, relative scale). A B-spline basis expansion combined with a functional version of the centered log-ratio transformation is utilized for actual computations. For this purpose, a new key result is proved to characterize B-spline representations in Bayes spaces. The potential of the methodological developments is shown on simulated data and a real case study, dealing with metabolomics data. A bootstrap-based study is performed for the uncertainty quantification of the obtained estimates.

Compositional regression with functional response

A. Menafoglio;
2018

Abstract

The problem of performing functional linear regression when the response variable is represented as a probability density function (PDF) is addressed. PDFs are interpreted as functional compositions, which are objects carrying primarily relative information. In this context, the unit integral constraint allows to single out one of the possible representations of a class of equivalent measures. On these bases, a function-on-scalar regression model with distributional response is proposed, by relying on the theory of Bayes Hilbert spaces. The geometry of Bayes spaces allows capturing all the key inherent features of distributional data (e.g., scale invariance, relative scale). A B-spline basis expansion combined with a functional version of the centered log-ratio transformation is utilized for actual computations. For this purpose, a new key result is proved to characterize B-spline representations in Bayes spaces. The potential of the methodological developments is shown on simulated data and a real case study, dealing with metabolomics data. A bootstrap-based study is performed for the uncertainty quantification of the obtained estimates.
Bayes spaces, Regression analysis, Density functions, B-spline representation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1045231
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