Human Hsp70-2 is a chaperone expressed mainly in the nervous system. Up to now, no study has reported on the recombinant expression of this important human chaperone. Herein, we describe the successful purification and characterization of recombinant human Hsp70-2 in Escherichia coli in both the full-length and the chimeric protein containing the protein transduction domain corresponding to the trans-activator of transcription (Tat) from HIV. Under optimized conditions, the Tat-Hsp70-2 was expressed in a soluble form and purified by two chromatographic steps (in a 3.6 mg/L fermentation broth yield): recombinant Tat-Hsp70-2 was folded and showed ATPase activity. In contrast, the full-length recombinant protein was only expressed in the form of inclusion bodies and thus was purified following a refolding procedure. The refolded Hsp70-2 protein was inactive and the protein conformation slightly altered as compared to the corresponding Tat-fused variant. The Tat-Hsp70-2 protein (100 nM), when added to human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells subjected to hydrogen peroxide or 6-hydroxydopamine stress, partially protected from the deleterious effect of these treatments. This work describes an approach for the functional expression of human Tat-Hsp70-2 that provides sufficient material for detailed structure-function studies and for testing its ability to protect neuroblastoma cells from oxidative stress.

Recombinant human Tat-Hsp70-2: A tool for neuroprotection

TUNESI, MARTA;GIORDANO, CARMEN;
2017

Abstract

Human Hsp70-2 is a chaperone expressed mainly in the nervous system. Up to now, no study has reported on the recombinant expression of this important human chaperone. Herein, we describe the successful purification and characterization of recombinant human Hsp70-2 in Escherichia coli in both the full-length and the chimeric protein containing the protein transduction domain corresponding to the trans-activator of transcription (Tat) from HIV. Under optimized conditions, the Tat-Hsp70-2 was expressed in a soluble form and purified by two chromatographic steps (in a 3.6 mg/L fermentation broth yield): recombinant Tat-Hsp70-2 was folded and showed ATPase activity. In contrast, the full-length recombinant protein was only expressed in the form of inclusion bodies and thus was purified following a refolding procedure. The refolded Hsp70-2 protein was inactive and the protein conformation slightly altered as compared to the corresponding Tat-fused variant. The Tat-Hsp70-2 protein (100 nM), when added to human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells subjected to hydrogen peroxide or 6-hydroxydopamine stress, partially protected from the deleterious effect of these treatments. This work describes an approach for the functional expression of human Tat-Hsp70-2 that provides sufficient material for detailed structure-function studies and for testing its ability to protect neuroblastoma cells from oxidative stress.
Inclusion bodies; Neuroprotection; Protein production; Tat-proteins
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1045214
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