Despite a continuous reduction in battery prices, investment in storage systems carries a high risk. Indeed, many applications lack an adequate test protocol and method to predict the performance of batteries in operations. In this paper, we focus on lithium-ion battery energy storage systems (BESS), for which we introduce a novel method. With this method, predicting the efficiency of lithium-ion BESS becomes possible for any application from a single set of measurements. We show that evaluating the battery resistance as a function of the C-rate provides general “capability charts” based on which the efficiency can be evaluated under arbitrary operation profiles. Application-specific test procedures therefore become unnecessary. We have applied the novel procedure on three different lithium-ion cell technologies and illustrate its accuracy in the example of grid-connected BESS used for primary control reserve.

Application-independent protocol for predicting the efficiency of lithium-ion battery cells in operations

Brivio, C.;Merlo, M.;
2018

Abstract

Despite a continuous reduction in battery prices, investment in storage systems carries a high risk. Indeed, many applications lack an adequate test protocol and method to predict the performance of batteries in operations. In this paper, we focus on lithium-ion battery energy storage systems (BESS), for which we introduce a novel method. With this method, predicting the efficiency of lithium-ion BESS becomes possible for any application from a single set of measurements. We show that evaluating the battery resistance as a function of the C-rate provides general “capability charts” based on which the efficiency can be evaluated under arbitrary operation profiles. Application-specific test procedures therefore become unnecessary. We have applied the novel procedure on three different lithium-ion cell technologies and illustrate its accuracy in the example of grid-connected BESS used for primary control reserve.
Battery energy storage systems; Efficiency; Energy density; Frequency regulation; Lithium-ion; Performance; Power density; Testing protocol; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1044560
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