Nuclear fragmentation produced in12C ion therapeutic beams contributes significantly to the Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE)—weighted dose in the distal edge of the Spread out Bragg Peak (SOBP) and surrounding tissues in out-of-field. Complex mixed radiation field originated by the therapeutic12C ion beam in a phantom is difficult to measure. This study presents a new method to characterise the radiation field produced in a12C ion beam using a monolithic ΔE-E telescope which provides the capability to identify the particle components of the mixed radiation field as well as the microdosimetric spectra that allows derivation of the RBE based on a radiobiological model. The response of the monolithic ΔE-E telescope to a 290 MeV/u12C ion beam at defined positions along the pristine Bragg Peak was studied using the Geant4 Monte Carlo toolkit. The microdosimetric spectra derived from the ΔE stage and the two-dimensional scatter plots of energy deposition in ΔE and E stages of the device in coincidence are presented, as calculated in-field and out-of-field. Partial dose weighted contribution to the microdosimetric spectra from nuclear fragments and recoils, such as1H,4He,3He,7Li,9Be and11B, have been analysed for each position. Comparison of simulation and experimental results are presented and demonstrates that the microdosimetric spectra changes dramatically within 0.5 mm depth increments close to and at the distal edge of the Bragg Peak which is impossible to identify using conventional Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC).

High spatial resolution microdosimetry with monolithic ΔE-E detector on12C beam: Monte Carlo simulations and experiment

BIASI, GIORDANO;Fazzi, Alberto;Sagia, Eleni;Pola, Andrea;Agosteo, Stefano;
2018

Abstract

Nuclear fragmentation produced in12C ion therapeutic beams contributes significantly to the Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE)—weighted dose in the distal edge of the Spread out Bragg Peak (SOBP) and surrounding tissues in out-of-field. Complex mixed radiation field originated by the therapeutic12C ion beam in a phantom is difficult to measure. This study presents a new method to characterise the radiation field produced in a12C ion beam using a monolithic ΔE-E telescope which provides the capability to identify the particle components of the mixed radiation field as well as the microdosimetric spectra that allows derivation of the RBE based on a radiobiological model. The response of the monolithic ΔE-E telescope to a 290 MeV/u12C ion beam at defined positions along the pristine Bragg Peak was studied using the Geant4 Monte Carlo toolkit. The microdosimetric spectra derived from the ΔE stage and the two-dimensional scatter plots of energy deposition in ΔE and E stages of the device in coincidence are presented, as calculated in-field and out-of-field. Partial dose weighted contribution to the microdosimetric spectra from nuclear fragments and recoils, such as1H,4He,3He,7Li,9Be and11B, have been analysed for each position. Comparison of simulation and experimental results are presented and demonstrates that the microdosimetric spectra changes dramatically within 0.5 mm depth increments close to and at the distal edge of the Bragg Peak which is impossible to identify using conventional Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1044475
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