The structural assessment of historical buildings is a complex and articulated problem based on different activities. This paper describes the different phases of an integrated approach to obtain an accurate knowledge of the structural damage and seismic performance of two masonry Baroque churches located in Northern Italy and hit by the 2012 Emilia earthquake. The activities involved historical research, laser scanning survey, diagnostic investigation and structural analysis. The historical research, based on the analysis of written documents and historical maps, aimed at understanding previous structural problems and major changes in the structure over the centuries. The geometrical survey of the churches was performed by means of a laser scanner technique in order to very precisely determine the geometry of the two churches. Experimental tests and visual inspections allowed identifying location and extent of cracks, construction techniques, presence of voids and defects in structural masonry walls, as well as some characteristics of masonry. Based on this information, detailed three-dimensional finite element models of the two churches were developed and non-linear dynamic analyses were performed. The numerical simulations led to the determination of damage distribution and the identification of the most vulnerable elements, highlighting the main structural deficiencies of the churches when subjected to different levels of seismic actions.

Seismic assessment of two masonry Baroque churches damaged by the 2012 Emilia earthquake

Valente, Marco;Barbieri, Gaia;Biolzi, Luigi
2017-01-01

Abstract

The structural assessment of historical buildings is a complex and articulated problem based on different activities. This paper describes the different phases of an integrated approach to obtain an accurate knowledge of the structural damage and seismic performance of two masonry Baroque churches located in Northern Italy and hit by the 2012 Emilia earthquake. The activities involved historical research, laser scanning survey, diagnostic investigation and structural analysis. The historical research, based on the analysis of written documents and historical maps, aimed at understanding previous structural problems and major changes in the structure over the centuries. The geometrical survey of the churches was performed by means of a laser scanner technique in order to very precisely determine the geometry of the two churches. Experimental tests and visual inspections allowed identifying location and extent of cracks, construction techniques, presence of voids and defects in structural masonry walls, as well as some characteristics of masonry. Based on this information, detailed three-dimensional finite element models of the two churches were developed and non-linear dynamic analyses were performed. The numerical simulations led to the determination of damage distribution and the identification of the most vulnerable elements, highlighting the main structural deficiencies of the churches when subjected to different levels of seismic actions.
2017
Experimental tests; FE model; Masonry Baroque church; Non-linear dynamic analysis; Survey; Materials Science (all); Engineering (all)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ValBarBio_EFA.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: Articolo principale
: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 5.92 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.92 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1042952
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact