This paper presents an experimental study that investigates the influence of the low fiber content of polypropylene and hooked-end steel fibers on the properties of high-strength concrete. The study variables include fiber types and fiber contents. The effect of combining both fibers with a total fiber content of 1.0% was also studied in some mixtures. Silica fume, as a supplementary cementitious material, was used at 10% of the cement weight in all fiber-reinforced concrete mixtures. Compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, longitudinal resonant frequency, rapid chloride migration and free drying shrinkage tests were performed for different curing ages. The results show that replacement of the cement weight with 10% silica fume improved all of the characteristics of the concrete evaluated in this research study. It was observed that the inclusion of fibers, particularly steel fibers, enhanced the mechanical properties of concrete. It was found that the incorporation of polypropylene fibers resulted in a reduction of chloride diffusivity, while introducing steel fibers significantly increased the chloride diffusivity of concrete. Finally, the results showed that hybridization of two types of fibers was an effective way to improve the properties of concrete and specifically reduce the drying shrinkage compared with that of the plain concrete.

The effect of steel and polypropylene fibers on the chloride diffusivity and drying shrinkage of high-strength concrete

Afroughsabet, Vahid;Biolzi, Luigi;
2018

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental study that investigates the influence of the low fiber content of polypropylene and hooked-end steel fibers on the properties of high-strength concrete. The study variables include fiber types and fiber contents. The effect of combining both fibers with a total fiber content of 1.0% was also studied in some mixtures. Silica fume, as a supplementary cementitious material, was used at 10% of the cement weight in all fiber-reinforced concrete mixtures. Compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, longitudinal resonant frequency, rapid chloride migration and free drying shrinkage tests were performed for different curing ages. The results show that replacement of the cement weight with 10% silica fume improved all of the characteristics of the concrete evaluated in this research study. It was observed that the inclusion of fibers, particularly steel fibers, enhanced the mechanical properties of concrete. It was found that the incorporation of polypropylene fibers resulted in a reduction of chloride diffusivity, while introducing steel fibers significantly increased the chloride diffusivity of concrete. Finally, the results showed that hybridization of two types of fibers was an effective way to improve the properties of concrete and specifically reduce the drying shrinkage compared with that of the plain concrete.
Chloride diffusivity; Fibers; Free drying shrinkage; High-strength fiber-reinforced concrete; Modulus of elasticity; Resonant frequency; Ceramics and Composites; Mechanics of Materials; Mechanical Engineering; Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1042839
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