Background The V-index is an ECG marker quantifying spatial heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization. We prospectively assessed the diagnostic and prognostic values of the V-index in patients with suspected non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods We prospectively enrolled 497 patients presenting with suspected NSTEMI to the emergency department (ED). Digital 12-lead ECGs of five-minute duration were recorded at presentation. The V-index was automatically calculated in a blinded fashion. Patients with a QRS duration > 120 ms were ruled out from analysis. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. The prognostic endpoint was all-cause mortality during 24 months of follow-up. Results NSTEMI was the final diagnosis in 14% of patients. V-index levels were higher in patients with AMI compared to other causes of chest pain (median 23 ms vs. 18 ms, p < 0.001). The use of the V-index in addition to conventional ECG-criteria improved the diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of NSTEMI as quantified by area under the ROC curve from 0.66 to 0.73 (p = 0.001) and the sensitivity of the ECG for AMI from 41% to 86% (p < 0.001). Cumulative 24-month mortality rates were 99.4%, 98.4% and 88.3% according to tertiles of the V-index (p < 0.001). After adjustment for age and important ECG and clinical parameters, the V-index remained an independent predictor of death. Conclusions The V-index, an ECG marker quantifying spatial heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, significantly improves the accuracy and sensitivity of the ECG for the diagnosis of NSTEMI and independently predicts mortality during follow-up.

Diagnostic and prognostic values of the V-index, a novel ECG marker quantifying spatial heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, in patients with symptoms suggestive of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Sassi, Roberto;Rivolta, Massimo W;Mainardi, Luca;
2017

Abstract

Background The V-index is an ECG marker quantifying spatial heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization. We prospectively assessed the diagnostic and prognostic values of the V-index in patients with suspected non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods We prospectively enrolled 497 patients presenting with suspected NSTEMI to the emergency department (ED). Digital 12-lead ECGs of five-minute duration were recorded at presentation. The V-index was automatically calculated in a blinded fashion. Patients with a QRS duration > 120 ms were ruled out from analysis. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. The prognostic endpoint was all-cause mortality during 24 months of follow-up. Results NSTEMI was the final diagnosis in 14% of patients. V-index levels were higher in patients with AMI compared to other causes of chest pain (median 23 ms vs. 18 ms, p < 0.001). The use of the V-index in addition to conventional ECG-criteria improved the diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of NSTEMI as quantified by area under the ROC curve from 0.66 to 0.73 (p = 0.001) and the sensitivity of the ECG for AMI from 41% to 86% (p < 0.001). Cumulative 24-month mortality rates were 99.4%, 98.4% and 88.3% according to tertiles of the V-index (p < 0.001). After adjustment for age and important ECG and clinical parameters, the V-index remained an independent predictor of death. Conclusions The V-index, an ECG marker quantifying spatial heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, significantly improves the accuracy and sensitivity of the ECG for the diagnosis of NSTEMI and independently predicts mortality during follow-up.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
Aged; Electrocardiography; Emergency Service, Hospital; Female; Heart Ventricles; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Predictive Value of Tests; Prognosis; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity; Spatial Analysis; Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1039709
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