Objective: MRI-guided radiotherapy (MRIgRT) is an emerging treatment technique where anatomical and pathological structures are imaged through integrated MR-radiotherapy units. This work aims (i) at assessing the accuracy of optical-flow based motion tracking in liver cine-MRI sequences and (ii) at testing a MRIgRT workflow combining similarity-based image matching with image registration. Methods: After an initialization stage, a set of template images is collected and registered to the first frame of the cine-MRI sequence. Subsequent incoming frames are either matched to the most similar template image or registered to the first frame when the similarity index is lower than a given threshold. The tracking accuracy was evaluated by considering ground-truth liver landmarks trajectories, as obtained through the scale-invariant features transform (SIFT). Results: Results on a population of 30 liver subjects show that the median difference between SIFT- and optical flow-based landmarks trajectories is 1.0 mm, i.e. lower than the cine-MRI pixel size (1.28 mm). The computational time of the motion tracking workflow (< 50 ms) is suitable for real-time motion compensation in MRIgRT. Such time could be further reduced to ≈30 ms with limited loss of accuracy by the combined image matching/registration approach. Conclusion: The reported workflow allows to track liver motion with accuracy comparable to robust feature matching. Its computational time is suitable for online motion monitoring. Significance: Real-time feedback on the patient anatomy is a crucial requirement for the treatment of mobile tumors using advanced motion mitigation strategies.

A hybrid image registration and matching framework for real-time motion tracking in MRI-guided radiotherapy

SEREGNI, MATTEO;PAGANELLI, CHIARA;BARONI, GUIDO;RIBOLDI, MARCO
2018

Abstract

Objective: MRI-guided radiotherapy (MRIgRT) is an emerging treatment technique where anatomical and pathological structures are imaged through integrated MR-radiotherapy units. This work aims (i) at assessing the accuracy of optical-flow based motion tracking in liver cine-MRI sequences and (ii) at testing a MRIgRT workflow combining similarity-based image matching with image registration. Methods: After an initialization stage, a set of template images is collected and registered to the first frame of the cine-MRI sequence. Subsequent incoming frames are either matched to the most similar template image or registered to the first frame when the similarity index is lower than a given threshold. The tracking accuracy was evaluated by considering ground-truth liver landmarks trajectories, as obtained through the scale-invariant features transform (SIFT). Results: Results on a population of 30 liver subjects show that the median difference between SIFT- and optical flow-based landmarks trajectories is 1.0 mm, i.e. lower than the cine-MRI pixel size (1.28 mm). The computational time of the motion tracking workflow (< 50 ms) is suitable for real-time motion compensation in MRIgRT. Such time could be further reduced to ≈30 ms with limited loss of accuracy by the combined image matching/registration approach. Conclusion: The reported workflow allows to track liver motion with accuracy comparable to robust feature matching. Its computational time is suitable for online motion monitoring. Significance: Real-time feedback on the patient anatomy is a crucial requirement for the treatment of mobile tumors using advanced motion mitigation strategies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1030172
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