Local hemodynamics has been identified as one main determinant in the onset and progression of atherosclerotic lesions at coronary bifurcations. Starting from the observation that atherosensitive hemodynamic conditions in arterial bifurcation are majorly determined by the underlying anatomy, the aim of the present study is to investigate how peculiar coronary bifurcation anatomical features influence near-wall and intravascular flow patterns. Different bifurcation angles and cardiac curvatures were varied in population-based, idealized models of both stenosed and unstenosed bifurcations, representing the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery with its diagonal branch. Local hemodynamics was analyzed in terms of helical flow and exposure to low/oscillatory shear stress by performing computational fluid dynamics simulations.Results show that bifurcation angle impacts lowly hemodynamics in both stenosed and unstenosed cases. Instead, curvature radius influences the generation and transport of helical flow structures, with smaller cardiac curvature radius associated to higher helicity intensity. Stenosed bifurcation models exhibit helicity intensity values one order of magnitude higher than the corresponding unstenosed cases. Cardiac curvature radius moderately affects near-wall hemodynamics of the stenosed cases, with smaller curvature radius leading to higher exposure to low shear stress and lower exposure to oscillatory shear stress. In conclusion, the proposed controlled benchmark allows investigating the effect of various geometrical features on local hemodynamics at the LAD/diagonal bifurcation, highlighting that cardiac curvature influences near wall and intravascular hemodynamics, while bifurcation angle has a minor effect.

Healthy and diseased coronary bifurcation geometries influence near-wall and intravascular flow: A computational exploration of the hemodynamic risk

CHIASTRA, CLAUDIO;MIGLIAVACCA, FRANCESCO;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Local hemodynamics has been identified as one main determinant in the onset and progression of atherosclerotic lesions at coronary bifurcations. Starting from the observation that atherosensitive hemodynamic conditions in arterial bifurcation are majorly determined by the underlying anatomy, the aim of the present study is to investigate how peculiar coronary bifurcation anatomical features influence near-wall and intravascular flow patterns. Different bifurcation angles and cardiac curvatures were varied in population-based, idealized models of both stenosed and unstenosed bifurcations, representing the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery with its diagonal branch. Local hemodynamics was analyzed in terms of helical flow and exposure to low/oscillatory shear stress by performing computational fluid dynamics simulations.Results show that bifurcation angle impacts lowly hemodynamics in both stenosed and unstenosed cases. Instead, curvature radius influences the generation and transport of helical flow structures, with smaller cardiac curvature radius associated to higher helicity intensity. Stenosed bifurcation models exhibit helicity intensity values one order of magnitude higher than the corresponding unstenosed cases. Cardiac curvature radius moderately affects near-wall hemodynamics of the stenosed cases, with smaller curvature radius leading to higher exposure to low shear stress and lower exposure to oscillatory shear stress. In conclusion, the proposed controlled benchmark allows investigating the effect of various geometrical features on local hemodynamics at the LAD/diagonal bifurcation, highlighting that cardiac curvature influences near wall and intravascular hemodynamics, while bifurcation angle has a minor effect.
2017
Atherosclerosis; Computational fluid dynamics; Coronary bifurcation; Helical flow; Hemodynamic hypothesis; Wall shear stress; Biophysics; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine; Biomedical Engineering; Rehabilitation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1029992
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