Purpose This work investigates the processability by selective laser melting of materials of potential interest for innovative biodegradable implants, pure Fe and pure Zn. The processability of these materials is evaluated with a more established counterpart in permanent implants, stainless steel. In particular, the processing conditions were studied to reduce porosity due to incomplete fusion of the powder. Design/methodology/approach In the first phase of the experiments, SLM of AISI 316L was studied through design of experiments method. The study was used to identify the significant parameters in the experimental range and estimate the fluence ranges for pure Fe and pure Zn using the lumped heat capacity model. In the second phase, SLM of pure Fe and pure Zn were studied using estimated fluence ranges. In the final phase, best conditions were characterized for mechanical properties. Findings The results showed that complete melting of AISI 316L and pure Fe could be readily achieved, whereas laser melting generated a foam-like porous structure in Zn samples. The mechanical properties of laser melt implant materials were compared to as-cast and rolled counterparts. Laser melted AISI 316L showed superior mechanical performance compared to as-cast and rolled material whereas Fe showed mechanical performance similar to rolled mild steel. Despite 12% apparent porosity, laser melted Zn exhibited superior mechanical properties compared to as cast and wrought material due to reduced grain size. Originality/value The paper provides key processing knowledge on the SLM processability of new biodegradable metals namely pure Fe, which has been studied sparingly; and on pure Zn, on which no previous work is available. The results prefigure the production of new biodegradable metallic implants with superior mechanical properties compared to their polymeric counterparts and with improved degradation rates compared to magnesium alloys, the reference material for biodegradable metals.
|Titolo:||Processability of pure Zn and pure Fe by SLM for biodegradable metallic implant manufacturing|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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