The drying of sludge produced by Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) is a very hard process due to the presence of the colloid fraction. Electro-osmosis could be a suitable technique to reduce the water content of the final sludge. Electrical fields of 10 V/cm, 15 V/cm and 20 V/cm have been studied for electro-osmosis tests in a static or dynamic apparatus, obtaining a dry solids content up to 40-45%, with respect to 25-30% obtained by mechanical methods. In order to optimise the apparatus, the corrosion behaviour of the anodic material appears the main critical aspect, due to the high circulating current density. Moreover, wear may be detrimental for the surface of rotating electrodes. We then investigated the behaviour of materials used as electrodes mainly by evaluating the efficiency of the process and their surface aspect after treatment. The full understanding of the electrochemical reactions developed at the anode are a key factor for the material choice. We compared the efficiency and the corrosion resistance of anodes made of titanium MMO with respect to bare stainless steel (AISI 304) and stainless steel coated by PVD technique with TiN, AlTiN and DLC. Characterization of the anodes samples by roughness tests and by AFM show that corrosion resistance of the DSA was the most suitable for our application. However, efficiencies of the electro-osmosis process for all the materials used have been found comparable, in terms of developed current densities and total energy consumptions, for low-test duration.
|Titolo:||EVALUATION OF ELECTRODE SURFACE TREATMENTS IN SLUDGE ELECTRO-OSMOSIS DEWATERING”|
|Autori interni:||GRONCHI, PAOLO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|