In the contemporary time, the primary task for the architecture consists in the opportunity to realize buildings with low budgets and with the utmost respect for the environmental resources. Also in the student housing, these principles have to be considered essential for the planning activity and for the construction and management processes. These elements, however, should not be interpreted as mere constraints, but as factors that foster to a new creative approach to the discipline, to a new conception of the project and to a new generation of products: controlled and efficient low-cost and high-quality housing facilities, perhaps less luxurious but comfortable, economic, ecological, with high functional and technological performances. The use of prefabricated, industrialized housing solutions and 3D modules – nowadays more and more diffused especially in the student housing – goes in this direction, requiring a specific attention to the principles of efficiency and rationality. The increasing spread of these elements is not only due to the idea of order, modularity, seriality and standardization that they introduce, but also to the advantages that they produce in the construction process: adaptability, flexibility, temporariness of use, safety, possibility to predict time and costs, analysis of the Life Cycle Assessment and the Life Cycle Costing. This paper – that is part of a wider research currently in progress at the ABC Department of Politecnico di Milano – aims to present some of the most interesting solutions that have been developed internationally in the student housing. The 3D modules units (modular wooden units, modular concrete units, modular steel units, modular hybrid units) can be different in terms of costs, materials, assembly and building techniques. In addition to summarize the origin and the development of the phenomenon, the paper points out the morpho-techno-typological aspects produced by the interaction between architecture and the industrial processes: as a result of a comparison between the specificity of the modules (weight, materials, size, aggregation, overlap, etc.), the paper introduces a qualitative interpretation of every product, highlighting its limits, the weaknesses and the strengths. 3D modular housing represents an innovative response for the student housing, to be carefully considered especially in our country, characterized by a dramatic shortage of beds for students that penalize the entire academic system.

3D Modular Housing: un sistema intelligente per costruire residenza per studenti/3D Modular Housing: A Smart Way to Build Student Residences

BELLINI, OSCAR EUGENIO
2016-01-01

Abstract

In the contemporary time, the primary task for the architecture consists in the opportunity to realize buildings with low budgets and with the utmost respect for the environmental resources. Also in the student housing, these principles have to be considered essential for the planning activity and for the construction and management processes. These elements, however, should not be interpreted as mere constraints, but as factors that foster to a new creative approach to the discipline, to a new conception of the project and to a new generation of products: controlled and efficient low-cost and high-quality housing facilities, perhaps less luxurious but comfortable, economic, ecological, with high functional and technological performances. The use of prefabricated, industrialized housing solutions and 3D modules – nowadays more and more diffused especially in the student housing – goes in this direction, requiring a specific attention to the principles of efficiency and rationality. The increasing spread of these elements is not only due to the idea of order, modularity, seriality and standardization that they introduce, but also to the advantages that they produce in the construction process: adaptability, flexibility, temporariness of use, safety, possibility to predict time and costs, analysis of the Life Cycle Assessment and the Life Cycle Costing. This paper – that is part of a wider research currently in progress at the ABC Department of Politecnico di Milano – aims to present some of the most interesting solutions that have been developed internationally in the student housing. The 3D modules units (modular wooden units, modular concrete units, modular steel units, modular hybrid units) can be different in terms of costs, materials, assembly and building techniques. In addition to summarize the origin and the development of the phenomenon, the paper points out the morpho-techno-typological aspects produced by the interaction between architecture and the industrial processes: as a result of a comparison between the specificity of the modules (weight, materials, size, aggregation, overlap, etc.), the paper introduces a qualitative interpretation of every product, highlighting its limits, the weaknesses and the strengths. 3D modular housing represents an innovative response for the student housing, to be carefully considered especially in our country, characterized by a dramatic shortage of beds for students that penalize the entire academic system.
Residenze e Servizi per studenti universitari/Residences and Services for University Students
9788894151824
Innovation Design, Industrialization, Prefabrication, Low-Cost-High Quality, Modularity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1013867
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