The early diagnosis of cracks in aeronautical structures is a fundamental task for the safe system operation and the optimization of maintenance policies, in view of the increasing interest in life extension programs of several high-investment industries. In principle, these tasks could be fulfilled within a condition-based framework, where direct or indirect observations of the degradation evolution are processed, possibly in real time, by proper diagnostic computational tools. In the past, several attempts have been made to build real-time monitoring systems collecting strain signals acquired from sensor networks. However, in real applications, some issues remain unresolved, for example, the large number of observations available to be handled within a unique diagnostic framework, their relationship with the underlying crack size, and their typical large uncertainties. In this paper, we provide a practical solution by innovatively combining a particle filtering-based model identification algorithm with a measurement system exploiting real-time observations of the crack length reconstructed by a committee of artificial neural networks. The artificial neural networks are trained by simulated strain fields generated by a finite element model. The resulting tool allows to perform an automatic, simultaneous, and real-time (a) selection of the model more properly describing the system state evolution, so as to detect the crack propagation onset time, (b) estimation of the model parameters, and (c) estimation of the crack length, within a unique probabilistic framework based on particle filtering. The methodology is demonstrated with reference to a real helicopter panel subject to fatigue and equipped with a fiber Bragg grating sensor network.
|Titolo:||A particle filter-based model selection algorithm for fatigue damage identification on aeronautical structures|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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|Cadini_et_al-2017-Structural_Control_and_Health_Monitoring.pdf||Articolo principale||PDF editoriale||Accesso riservato|