The role played by inclination in both the load carrying capacity and seismic assessment of masonry bell towers is investigated through the results obtained from different analyses on three case studies. The Italian Code for the built heritage is not explicit about the influence of inclination on the seismic assessment of towers, leaving to practitioners the task to properly consider it, potentially leading to both an overestimation of the capacity and an underestimation of the horizontal actions. The case studies investigated in this paper are three leaning masonry bell towers, all exhibiting a quite meaningful inclination and all located in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), recently (2012) stricken by a moderate/high intensity seismic sequence. This study compares the procedure provided by the Italian Code with the finite element (FE) results obtained through non-linear static analyses and proposes a modification of the Italian code simplified mechanical model (SMM), which explicitly accounts for the actual inclination of the towers within a cantilever beam approach. The FE results show that inclination may considerably reduce the load carrying capacity, increasing the seismic vulnerability of the structures. The SMM approach proposed properly takes into account the role played by inclination, always providing results on the safe side with respect to FEM.

Role of inclination in the seismic vulnerability of bell towers: FE models and simplified approaches

MILANI, GABRIELE;SHEHU, RAFAEL;VALENTE, MARCO VINCENZO
2017

Abstract

The role played by inclination in both the load carrying capacity and seismic assessment of masonry bell towers is investigated through the results obtained from different analyses on three case studies. The Italian Code for the built heritage is not explicit about the influence of inclination on the seismic assessment of towers, leaving to practitioners the task to properly consider it, potentially leading to both an overestimation of the capacity and an underestimation of the horizontal actions. The case studies investigated in this paper are three leaning masonry bell towers, all exhibiting a quite meaningful inclination and all located in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), recently (2012) stricken by a moderate/high intensity seismic sequence. This study compares the procedure provided by the Italian Code with the finite element (FE) results obtained through non-linear static analyses and proposes a modification of the Italian code simplified mechanical model (SMM), which explicitly accounts for the actual inclination of the towers within a cantilever beam approach. The FE results show that inclination may considerably reduce the load carrying capacity, increasing the seismic vulnerability of the structures. The SMM approach proposed properly takes into account the role played by inclination, always providing results on the safe side with respect to FEM.
Bell tower; Inclination; Masonry; Non-linear shell element; Pushover analysis; Simplified mechanical model (SMM); Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction; Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology; Geophysics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1010230
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