The architectural heritage was severely damaged by the seismic sequence that occurred in Emilia (Northern Italy) in May 2012. This paper investigates the seismic behavior of three masonry churches that were damaged by the 2012 Emilia earthquake. The analyzed churches are located in the South-East area of the province of Mantua: they are representative of some churches, denoted as “Matildic churches”, belonging to the territorial area between Lombardia, Emilia Romagna and Toscana and built during the Matilde di Canossa domain, between the X and the XI centuries. The study was based on detailed field surveys, in situ tests, visual inspections and existing archives in order to obtain an accurate knowledge of the churches and a proper evaluation of the damage caused by the earthquake. Then, detailed finite element models of the churches were developed and non-linear dynamic analyses with different peak ground accelerations were performed. The numerical simulations provided a deep insight into the seismic behavior of the analyzed churches, identifying the damage patterns and the main collapse mechanisms for different seismic intensity levels. The obtained results appear to be in a good agreement with the damage experienced by the churches during the earthquake. This study can be considered as a first step to assess the seismic vulnerability of the “Matildic churches”, extremely important for their historical and architectural value.

Damage assessment of three medieval churches after the 2012 Emilia earthquake

VALENTE, MARCO VINCENZO;BARBIERI, GAIA;BIOLZI, LUIGI
2016

Abstract

The architectural heritage was severely damaged by the seismic sequence that occurred in Emilia (Northern Italy) in May 2012. This paper investigates the seismic behavior of three masonry churches that were damaged by the 2012 Emilia earthquake. The analyzed churches are located in the South-East area of the province of Mantua: they are representative of some churches, denoted as “Matildic churches”, belonging to the territorial area between Lombardia, Emilia Romagna and Toscana and built during the Matilde di Canossa domain, between the X and the XI centuries. The study was based on detailed field surveys, in situ tests, visual inspections and existing archives in order to obtain an accurate knowledge of the churches and a proper evaluation of the damage caused by the earthquake. Then, detailed finite element models of the churches were developed and non-linear dynamic analyses with different peak ground accelerations were performed. The numerical simulations provided a deep insight into the seismic behavior of the analyzed churches, identifying the damage patterns and the main collapse mechanisms for different seismic intensity levels. The obtained results appear to be in a good agreement with the damage experienced by the churches during the earthquake. This study can be considered as a first step to assess the seismic vulnerability of the “Matildic churches”, extremely important for their historical and architectural value.
Crack pattern; Damage; FE model; Field survey; Masonry church; Non-linear dynamic analysis; Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction; Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology; Geophysics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1010229
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