We consider non-Hermitian dynamics of a quantum particle hopping on a one-dimensional tight-binding lattice made of N sites with asymmetric hopping rates induced by a time-periodic oscillating imaginary gauge field. A deeply different behavior is found depending on the lattice topology. While in a linear chain (open boundary conditions) an oscillating field can lead to a complex quasienergy spectrum via a multiple parametric resonance; in a ring topology (Born-von Karman periodic boundary conditions) an entirely real quasienergy spectrum can be found and the dynamics is pseudo-Hermitian. In the large-N limit, parametric instability and pseudo-Hermitian dynamics in the two different lattice topologies are physically explained on the basis of a simple picture of wave-packet propagation.
|Titolo:||Tight-binding lattices with an oscillating imaginary gauge field|
|Autori interni:||LONGHI, STEFANO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|