The economic management of a microgrid can greatly benefit from energy storage systems (ESSs), which may act as virtual load deferral systems to take advantage of the fluctuations of energy prices and accommodate for demand-production mismatches caused by the scarce predictability of renewable sources. In a distributed energy management scenario, an ESS may serve multiple users, a setting which calls for the development of suitable resource allocation policies for the storage capacity. In particular, distributed control policies are of interest, where each user operates independently with the least exchange of information with the other users. A methodology is developed in the paper for such purpose, based on an iterative resource allocation mechanism, realized by means of a negotiation process among users, resembling stock exchange dynamics. The resulting distributed strategy for the management of the shared resource comes close to optimality at a low computational cost, which is affordable in large scale practical applications. It is also robust to communication failures between users.
|Titolo:||Distributed allocation of a shared energy storage system in a microgrid|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|