Phasor measurement units (PMUs) are expected to be the basis of modern power networks monitoring systems. They are conceived to allow measuring the phasor, frequency, and rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) of electrical signals in a synchronized way and with unprecedented accuracy. PMUs are intended to apply to three-phase systems and to track signal parameters evolution during network dynamics. For these reasons, the design of the algorithms and, in particular, of the filters that allow rejecting the disturbances while preserving the passband signal content is a paramount concern. In this paper, a novel space vector approach is proposed. It exploits the three-phase nature of the monitored signals together with proper lowpass and differentiation filters. Analytical formulas for performance prediction under almost all the test conditions prescribed by the synchrophasor standard C37.118.1 for PMUs, are introduced. The given expressions are extremely accurate, thus allowing to derive the filter design criteria for phasor, frequency, and ROCOF computation, so that the requirements in terms of estimation errors can be easily translated into filter specifications. The implications of the proposed approach in practical PMU design are illustrated by means of two simple design examples matching P and M compliance classes, respectively, for all the test cases of the standard. The reported performance proves the validity of the proposal.

Design and Performance Prediction of Space Vector-Based PMU Algorithms

TOSCANI, SERGIO;
2017

Abstract

Phasor measurement units (PMUs) are expected to be the basis of modern power networks monitoring systems. They are conceived to allow measuring the phasor, frequency, and rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) of electrical signals in a synchronized way and with unprecedented accuracy. PMUs are intended to apply to three-phase systems and to track signal parameters evolution during network dynamics. For these reasons, the design of the algorithms and, in particular, of the filters that allow rejecting the disturbances while preserving the passband signal content is a paramount concern. In this paper, a novel space vector approach is proposed. It exploits the three-phase nature of the monitored signals together with proper lowpass and differentiation filters. Analytical formulas for performance prediction under almost all the test conditions prescribed by the synchrophasor standard C37.118.1 for PMUs, are introduced. The given expressions are extremely accurate, thus allowing to derive the filter design criteria for phasor, frequency, and ROCOF computation, so that the requirements in terms of estimation errors can be easily translated into filter specifications. The implications of the proposed approach in practical PMU design are illustrated by means of two simple design examples matching P and M compliance classes, respectively, for all the test cases of the standard. The reported performance proves the validity of the proposal.
ELETTRICI
voltage measurement., Digital filters, phasor measurement units (PMUs), space vector (SV)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1008048
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