In this work, self-mixing interferometry (SMI) was used to monitor the optical path difference induced by the ablation plasma and plume. The paper develops the analytical relationships to explain the fringe appearance in the SMI during laser microdrilling. The monitoring principle was tested under a large experimental campaign of laser microdrilling on TiAlN ceramic coating with a low-ns green fibre laser. Key process parameters namely pulse energy, number and repetition rate were varied. The effect of side gas on the SMI signal characteristic was analysed. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to identify the plasma temperature and electron number density. The SMI signals were correlated to the plume size and its evolution as a function of process parameters, as well as electron number density estimated by spectroscopy. In addition to proving the validity of the proposed new method, the results show insights to the micromachining of the ceramic material with low ns pulses.

Self-mixing interferometry as a diagnostics tool for plasma characteristics in laser microdrilling

COLOMBO, PAOLO;DEMIR, ALI GOKHAN;NORGIA, MICHELE;PREVITALI, BARBARA
2017-01-01

Abstract

In this work, self-mixing interferometry (SMI) was used to monitor the optical path difference induced by the ablation plasma and plume. The paper develops the analytical relationships to explain the fringe appearance in the SMI during laser microdrilling. The monitoring principle was tested under a large experimental campaign of laser microdrilling on TiAlN ceramic coating with a low-ns green fibre laser. Key process parameters namely pulse energy, number and repetition rate were varied. The effect of side gas on the SMI signal characteristic was analysed. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to identify the plasma temperature and electron number density. The SMI signals were correlated to the plume size and its evolution as a function of process parameters, as well as electron number density estimated by spectroscopy. In addition to proving the validity of the proposed new method, the results show insights to the micromachining of the ceramic material with low ns pulses.
2017
Ablation; Blast-wave theory; Laser microdrilling; Plasma temperature; Process monitoring; Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials; Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics; Mechanical Engineering; Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1007410
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