The interfacial structure in “giant” PbS/CdS quantum dots (QDs) was engineered by modulating the Cd:S molar ratio during in situ growth. The control of the gradient interfacial layer could facilitate hole transfer, regulate the transition from double- to single-color emission, as a consequence. These QDs are optically active close-to-the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and are candidates as absorber materials in solar energy conversion. Photoinduced charge transfer from “giant” QDs to electron scavenger can still take place despite the ultra-thick (~5 nm) shell. The hybrid architecture based on a TiO2 mesoporous framework sensitized by the “giant” QDs with alloyed interface can produce a saturated photocurrent density as high as ~5.3 mA/cm2 in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell under 1 Sun illumination, which is around 2 times higher than that of bare PbS and core/thin-shell PbS/CdS QDs sensitizer. The as-prepared PEC device presented very good stability thanks to the “giant” core/shell QDs architecture with tailored interfacial layer and a further coating of the ZnS shell. 78% of the initial current density is kept after 2-h irradiation at 1 Sun. Engineering of electronic band structure plays a key role in boosting the functional properties of these composite systems, which hold great potential for H2 production in PEC devices.

Engineering interfacial structure in “Giant” PbS/CdS quantum dots for photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion

SIRIGU, GIANLUCA;CAMELLINI, ANDREA;ZAVELANI ROSSI, MARGHERITA;
2016

Abstract

The interfacial structure in “giant” PbS/CdS quantum dots (QDs) was engineered by modulating the Cd:S molar ratio during in situ growth. The control of the gradient interfacial layer could facilitate hole transfer, regulate the transition from double- to single-color emission, as a consequence. These QDs are optically active close-to-the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and are candidates as absorber materials in solar energy conversion. Photoinduced charge transfer from “giant” QDs to electron scavenger can still take place despite the ultra-thick (~5 nm) shell. The hybrid architecture based on a TiO2 mesoporous framework sensitized by the “giant” QDs with alloyed interface can produce a saturated photocurrent density as high as ~5.3 mA/cm2 in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell under 1 Sun illumination, which is around 2 times higher than that of bare PbS and core/thin-shell PbS/CdS QDs sensitizer. The as-prepared PEC device presented very good stability thanks to the “giant” core/shell QDs architecture with tailored interfacial layer and a further coating of the ZnS shell. 78% of the initial current density is kept after 2-h irradiation at 1 Sun. Engineering of electronic band structure plays a key role in boosting the functional properties of these composite systems, which hold great potential for H2 production in PEC devices.
CdS; Core/shell; Giant quantum dot; PbS; Photoelectrochemical; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Materials Science (all); Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1004199
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