Two-dimensional (2D) ZnO structures have been deposited on the Au(111) surface by means of the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. In situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) measurements have been performed to characterize morphological, structural and electronic properties of 2D ZnO at the nanoscale. Starting from a sub-monolayer coverage, we investigated the growth of ZnO, identifying different atomic layers (up to the 5th). At low coverage, we observed single- and bi-layer nanocrystals, characterized by a surface moire pattern that is associated to a graphene-like ZnO structure. By increasing the coverage, we revealed a morphological change starting from the 4th layer, which was attributed to a transition toward a bulk-like structure. Investigation of the electronic properties revealed the semiconducting character of 2D ZnO. We observed a dependence of the density of states (DOS) and, in particular, of the conduction band (CB) on the ZnO thickness, with a decreasing of the CB onset energy for increasing thickness. The CB DOS of 2D ZnO shows a step-like behaviour which may be interpreted as due to a 2D quantum confinement effect in ZnO atomic layers

Pulsed Laser Deposition of two-dimensional ZnO nanocrystals on Au(111): Growth, surface structure and electronic properties

TUMINO, FRANCESCO;CASARI, CARLO SPARTACO;PASSONI, MATTEO;BOTTANI, CARLO ENRICO;LI BASSI, ANDREA
2016

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) ZnO structures have been deposited on the Au(111) surface by means of the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. In situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) measurements have been performed to characterize morphological, structural and electronic properties of 2D ZnO at the nanoscale. Starting from a sub-monolayer coverage, we investigated the growth of ZnO, identifying different atomic layers (up to the 5th). At low coverage, we observed single- and bi-layer nanocrystals, characterized by a surface moire pattern that is associated to a graphene-like ZnO structure. By increasing the coverage, we revealed a morphological change starting from the 4th layer, which was attributed to a transition toward a bulk-like structure. Investigation of the electronic properties revealed the semiconducting character of 2D ZnO. We observed a dependence of the density of states (DOS) and, in particular, of the conduction band (CB) on the ZnO thickness, with a decreasing of the CB onset energy for increasing thickness. The CB DOS of 2D ZnO shows a step-like behaviour which may be interpreted as due to a 2D quantum confinement effect in ZnO atomic layers
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1000669
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